- March 5, 2015
3/18/15 UPDATE: Click here for a printable version of our regional compensation analysis.
It is clear that our teachers deserve a significant raise. Both the Oakland Unified School District (OUSD) and the Oakland Education Association (OEA – the teachers union) have proposed double-digit raises for teachers, but there are key timing and size differences between the two offers.
To help put both offers in perspective, we compared OUSD salary, benefits, and total compensation (salary and benefits combined) to regional school districts and to other similar California districts. Because teacher salary varies with experience, we compared compensation across four different points in a teacher’s career:
- Starting salary
- Five years
- Ten years
- Maximum salary
Nerdy methodology note: All information in this post was gathered from a) individual districts’ most recent salary schedules (typically 2014-15) or b) 2013-14 J-90 forms (titled “2013-14 Salary and Benefit Schedule for the Certificated Bargaining Unit”) submitted to the California Dept. of Education.
Our regional analysis builds on information originally provided by the OEA. We appreciate them for sharing their analysis with us and the broader Oakland community.
How are teachers in Oakland paid?
OUSD’s teachers get paid based on a “step and column” system. Common throughout California, teachers move one vertical “step” on the salary scale for each year of experience. As teachers accumulate college credits, they can move across columns, which also increases salaries. You can find OUSD’s step-and-column chart here.
REGIONAL ANALYSIS: How does Oakland compensation (salaries and benefits) compare to neighboring school districts in Alameda County?
There are 16 unified school districts in Alameda County. These are the districts with which we compete for teachers. Of the 16 districts, five do not offer any benefits packages. Usually, this is in exchange for higher teacher salaries (i.e., teachers in these districts receive higher salaries, but have to purchase their own insurance).
Because of this, it is hard to compare OUSD’s salary alone with these districts because the teachers are not being compensated in the same way. We should be clear that we believe that OUSD teachers should not be penalized for their benefits package, but it is important to recognize that the money spent on these benefits is a key form of compensation.
Therefore, we create two separate comparisons: (1) comparing districts that use benefits as a part of teacher compensation; and (2) comparing all districts based on total compensation.
Of note regarding benefits:
- Dublin Unified only pays for dental insurance.
- New Haven Unified contributes $1,400 per employee for benefits with the employee covering the rest of the cost.
- For the rest of the districts, there are differences in terms of the quality of the plans and the amount employees must contribute.
SIMILAR SCHOOL DISTRICT ANALYSIS: What about other districts more like Oakland?
Oakland has challenges that other Alameda County districts do not. Oakland is both the largest district in Alameda County and has the largest “unduplicated LCFF percentage” (78%), which includes English learners, low-income youth, and foster youth.
We tried to address the question of whether OUSD’s teacher salaries are low because of these challenges. To understand how these unique circumstances could affect Oakland teacher salaries, we compared OUSD to seven California districts that are similar in both size (within 5000 average daily attendance) and student composition (within 10% LCFF unduplicated percentage).
These districts include Fontana Unified, Garden Grove Unified, Montebello Unified, Moreno Valley Unified, Riverside Unified, Sacramento City Unified, and Stockton City Unified.